Surgeons engaged specifically in the realm of diagnostic and operative treatment of fractures or diseases related to musculoskeletal system of human beings are collectively known as orthopedic surgeons. These orthopedic doctors are nationally as well as internationally known for their technical expertise and their innovative skills to solve difficult orthopedic problems. These surgeons develop newer solutions with the help of regenerative medicine and biomechanics, helping to improve healing and speeding up rehabilitation. Usually local orthopedic doctors corroborate with experts surgeons in distant medical centers with the help of modern digital media in determining the procedures suitable for the specific condition of complicated and serious patients.
Orthopedic doctors in hospitals are specialized in the treatment of joints, bones, tendons, ligaments, nerves muscles etc of musculoskeletal system. Adult reconstruction, sports, trauma care, pediatrics, foot, hand, spine, shoulder, elbow, knee, orthopedic oncology etc are subspecialties of orthopedic department.
Important areas of orthopedics
- Fracture and trauma,
- Joint replacement
- Hand surgery
- Nerve repair, muscular grafts
- Shoulder surgery
- Spine problems
- Limb deformity
- Sports injuries
- Foot/ankle injuries
- Pediatric orthopedic surgeries
- Surgeries for bone cancers like Osteosarcoma, Chondrosarcoma etc
In general most orthopedic surgeons favor minimally invasive laparoscopic procedure wherever possible as they are less painful, minimally invasive and easily recoverable. Improvements in medical science have made it possible to device minimally invasive surgeries for almost every case of important orthopedic surgeries.
Important problems dealt by local orthopedic doctors
Spine problems: Spinal cord is protected by a vertical column of bones which are made up of 33 disc shaped bones. These discs may get degenerated due to continuous usage or as a result of accidents or free fall. In such cases the orthopedic surgeons carry out disc replacement surgery or other similar surgeries to save the patients from pain discomfort and immobility. In such surgeries the damaged discs are replaced by prostheses discs made of medical grade metal or plastic.
Knee problems: Knee pain is usually caused as a result of overuse, sudden injury or as a result of torn cartilages or ligaments or due to osteoarthritis. Knee surgeries are usually done as laparoscopic surgeries. In some cases surgeons follows a procedure known as arthroscopy in which a small camera is made use of to diagnose as well as treat knee problems. In some cases, the ends of the bones and knee cap are replaced by prostheses made of either metal or plastic. It takes about six weeks for the patient to start walking with the help of somebody and slowly he regains his complete mobility.
Shoulder problem: Shoulder joint is a ball and socket structure where humerus and clavicle meet in the glenoid cavity of scapula. There are many factors that can cause shoulder pain. They include swelling of bursa sacs, tearing of rotor cuffs, damages of the nerves etc. Medications, physiotherapy, replacement of shoulder joint etc are some of the procedures followed by orthopedic doctors to save the patients from shoulder pain. Depending upon the severity of the situation, the surgeon will decide which method is suitable for a particular case. Visit orthopedic surgeons mclean va for the right treatment.